Here is an excerpt from the FBI announcement:
As part of NGI’s full operational capability, the NGI team is introducing two new services: Rap Back and the Interstate Photo System (IPS). Rap Back is a functionality that enables authorized entities the ability to receive ongoing status notifications of any criminal history reported on individuals holding positions of trust, such as school teachers. Law enforcement agencies, probation and parole offices, and other criminal justice entities will also greatly improve their effectiveness by being advised of subsequent criminal activity of persons under investigation or supervision. The IPS facial recognition service will provide the nation’s law enforcement community with an investigative tool that provides an image-searching capability of photographs associated with criminal identities. This effort is a significant step forward for the criminal justice community in utilizing biometrics as an investigative enabler.
Vice News has more detailed information and reaction from the civil liberties community. Excerpt:
The Next Generation Identification (NGI) system is a vast, centralized surveillance tool — and the stuff of totalitarian dystopia: fingerprint databases, iris scan details, more than 50 million images used for facial recognition (a.k.a. “faceprints”), and the capacity to hoard information of individualizing details like gait, voice pattern, and tattoos. Yet aside from a flurry of pained press releases from privacy groups and civil libertarians, the news of Big Brother’s ascension was met not with a yell but a whimper.
Such is the nature of a surveillance empire that was not built in a day. The NGI system took eight years and cost $1 billion in tax-payer funded contracts with companies like Lockheed Martin and BAE Systems to reach full capacity. It was constructed in large part from already existing law enforcement, Defense Department, and Homeland Security databases and biometric technologies. While staggering in scope, the system has been creeping into fruition, perhaps accounting for the muted response from the outrage machine — which has also burned itself out on more than a year’s worth of revelations about the NSA.
There is plenty to be concerned about with the FBI’s system, especially if we still entertain the idea that the agency’s primary goal is criminal investigation, not general civilian surveillance. The Electronic Frontier Foundation has noted that the FBI’s biometric databases are not limited to those who have been arrested. “You could become a suspect in a criminal case merely because you applied for a job that required you to submit a photo with your background check.” Indeed, the FBI’s NGI announcement included details about its “Rap Back” program, which specifically monitors and targets individuals in “positions of trust.”
If you were thinking “positions of trust” encompassed, say, municipal police forces around the country, think again. Rap Back monitors “non-criminal justice applicants, employees, volunteers, and licensees; Individuals under the supervision or investigation of criminal justice agencies.” In other words, as TechDirt notes, the system does not target employees of criminal justice agencies; just those under their “supervision,” like “parolees and those on probation.”
The NGI is a huge invasion of Americans’ privacy and, if it actually works, further embeds the surveillance state here in America.